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Title: A Linguistic Analysis of Metaphor with Reference to its Historical Development in English Poetry from 1500-1950.
Author: Soueif, Ahdaf
ISNI:       0000 0001 3552 9949
Awarding Body: University of Lancaster
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 1977
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The chief aim of this thesis is to develop a 'model for metaphor', This model is a component of a general theory of language and thus highlights the 'deviation' involved in metaphor while retaining the aspects metaphor shares with standard utterances. The linguistic parameters employed in the construction of the model are used as factors to show differences in the use of poetic metaphor in nine time periods from 1500-1950. The thesis falls into three parts and an appendix. Part Is the introductory section of the thesis, consists of three chapters which explore the background concepts of $deviation', 'similarity' and 'ambiguity' necessary to this study, and provides a suggested definition of metaphor* Part II, the theoretical section of the thesis, consists of eight chapters. The first contains a critical review of previously suggested typologies for metaphor. The following six develop the present model. Metaphors are seen as falling into two broad categories: syntax-dependent and syntax-independent, Syntax-dependent metaphor is processed or "detransformed, in the syntactic component of the model9 which distinguishes (at the level of deep syntactic structure) five types of syntax-dependent metaphor. Expression rules, relating the syntactic and the semantic components of the model,, remove from the utterance elements extraneous to metaphor, ordering the elements of the metaphor and disambiguating its meaninge Syntax-independent metaphors (which fall into three types) and syntax-dependent metaphors are processed in the semantic component of the model, enabling us to arrive, by semantic analysis, at the equation of tenor and vehicle which, I suggest, underlies all metaphor, Typologies based on boththe syntactic and the semantic analysis are constructed, Chapter 11 shows how the various analytic units combine to form groupings of metaphor. Part III consists of three chapters, and presents the empirical part of this study, upon which the theoretical model is based, This consisted of the semi-random selection and analysis of a corpus of 160 poems distributed across the above-mentioned ages, and in the analysis and classification of the 1750 metaphors in this corpus. Some of the results of these analyses are given in chapter 14" The appendix lists the poets and poems which are the subject matter of this study
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available