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Title: Social organization of the Baluy Kayan
Author: Rousseau, Jérôme
ISNI:       0000 0001 3538 3871
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 1974
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The Baluy Kayan are a people residing in the central hinterland of Sarawak about whom there is a considerable anecdotal and very miscellaneous literature, but concerning whom no systematic ethnography has ever been compiled. From one point of view this thesis constitutes such an ethnography and the individual chapters have intentionally been subdivided into short sections which are itemized in the table of contents so as to simplify cross-reference. However, because the theme of my dissertation is social organization, certain aspects of the ethnography have been given much more emphasis than others. In particular, limitations of space have made it necessary to omit from this dissertation most kinds of comparative data which would have shown both the similarities and differences between the ethnography of the Baluy Kayan and that of the Baram Kayan, and also special features of social organization characteristic of the neighbouring Kajang and of the Iban of the Baleh river as described by Freeman. The dissertation also provides only very summary information about recent changes in the religious practices of the Baluy Kayan. The first chapter gives an overview of the ethnic groups of central Borneo and their interrelations, especially those who are represented in the Baluy area. Chapter 2 describes the important political, demographic and religious transformations. The techniques of subsistence and the economic organization represent the foundations of social life (Chapter 3) . Settlement patterns also act as a limiting factor for social interactions (Chapter 4). Chapter 5 is devoted to the basic unit of a Kayan community, the household, and to the processes whereby it recruits new members and perpetuates itself. It is followed by a study of the various interactions between domestic units and the degree to which these are determined by kinship relations (Chapter 6). The Kayan are differentiated not only according to age, sex and family status (Chapter 7), they also have a ranking system (Chapter 8); this serves as a framework for the political organization (Chapter 9), and it allows for the presence of ordered processes of decision making (Chapter 10).
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral