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Title: Early Quaker activity and reactions to it, 1652-1664
Author: Reay, Barry Gordon
ISNI:       0000 0001 3510 5513
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1980
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Though this thesis has a section on Quaker numbers and distribution and impact at the local level (in Cheshire, Essex and Somerset) and it deals, in an appendix, with Quaker social origins, its main concern is with the impact of the sect during the period 1652-1664, with those aspects of the Quaker movement that brought it into conflict with the authorities and with the way in which the various authorities - local as well as central, in the Interregnum as well as the early Restoration period - dealt with the Quaker problem. The thesis both establishes and accounts for hostility towards the Quakers (at all levels of society), a hostility which during the 1650s intensified dissatisfaction with the Cromwellian regime, encouraging a more conservative religious settlement, and which during the 1660s had something to do with the repressive legislation and paranoia of those years. Fear and hatred of Quakers had clear political repercussions, contributing in part, in 1659, to the reaction that ended in the restoration of the Stuarts. Finally, it is argued that before 1660 the Quakers were not consistent pacifists and did not abstain from politics; that after 1660 the famous peace testimony was slower in developing and less universally accepted than most historians have assumed. For this reason and because of the sect's social radicalism - their opposition to tithes for example - the anxieties of the gentry and ministers were not without foundation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available