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Title: The Neolithic of the Iranian Zagros.
Author: Pullar, J.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3502 8028
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 1975
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The research for this thesis was undertaken with the aim of discovering how, why, where and when man changed from being a mobile hunter-gatherer to a settled farmer in the region of the Zagros Mountains of Iran. Chapter I examines the arguments for and against a climatic change in Iran at the end of the Pleistocene. Conflicting views of specialists in the fields of climatology, botany and geology are examined. The conclusion is that there is little secure basis on which to build a climatic sequence for the late Pleistocene of Iran. It is not possible, therefore, to regard climatic change as the major stimulus to food production and alternatives must be found. Chapter II discusses the merits of a-current hypothesis which is replacing climatic change as the major factor precipitating the neolithic revolution. This maintains that population growth compelled huntergatherers to abandon their hitherto leisured existence for the greater demands of systematic cultivation. The arguments are mainly anthropological, based on ethnographic parallels. Chapter III examines the evolution and distribution of wild wheat and barley in the Middle East in order to find out where, when and how cultivation developed in the Zagros. Chapter IV is a presentation of part of the chipped stone assemblage from three excavated sites, Tepe Sarab, Tepe Asiab, and Tepe Ganj-"Dareh and one surface collection from Tepe Abdul Hosein. Chapter V compares these sites in terms of chipped, stone assemblage and location. Their chronological position with regard to the Zarzian andIn conclusion the present state of knowledge with regard to climate, population and cereal evolution is reconsidered. A schema of events leading to permanent agricultural settlements is outlined and the position within this sequence of the four sites under discussion is established. contemporary sites is examined.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available