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Title: Revolutionary Populist Groups in Russia in the 1880's.
Author: Offord, D. C.
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1974
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In view of the failure of Russian revolutionari*s to make tangible gains in the 1870's, one groups the NarodovolOtao abandoned hopes of subverting tho, masses, by moans of peaceful propaganda and launched a terrorist campaign against the autocrat, They did not at first betray the ideal, cherished by moat Russian revolutionaries in the 70'st that the manses themselves should make their revolution, but by adopting an aggressive posture they did inject a heroic element into revolutionary doctrine (chapters I and II). The failure of the Narodovolltay in turn to achieve any of their declared objectives generated tensions within their party (III and IV)1 but the emotional appeal of Narodovollchestvo continued to inspire revolutionaries and even in 1885 an attempt was made to rebuild the shattered organisations although certain modifications in strategical thinking were now deemed necessary (chapter V), There were thos* revolutionaries in the populist camp,, however, who had from the beginning favoured tactics other than those formulated by the XaprodovolltzYo Kany agreed with the theoretical prezisses of the CherngDerod*19ter and continued to uphold the dictum that they considered the Narodovolltar to have rejoctedc that bocitlism should be implemented by the masseaq from belowg not Uy a revolutionary minorityg from above, An awareness of the weakness of the revolutionaries increased revolutionary groups vacillated between various theories and the advent of socialism became a more remote prospecte Some put forward now tact*6al proposals# for example that the main function of the revolutionaries should be the recruitment and training of agents in the armed forces; others discussed social democratic theory but resorted to the tactics of Narodnaya vol-va when they turned to action (chapter VII). Various developments which took place among the students and workers in the main centres of revolutionary activity towards the end of the 18800a are described in chapter VIII
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Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
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