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Title: Property and politics : a study of landed and urban property in England between the 1880s and the Great War
Author: Offer, Avner
ISNI:       0000 0001 2436 6638
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1979
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'Tenure' is defined as a distinctive sub-set of property. The movements of rent between 1870 and 1914 are then examined to see whether it was declining or increasing. Quantitative estimates of the magnitude of some tenures follow: property professionals, corporate bodies, groundowners, capitalists and mortgagees. The distribution of tenure underlay tenurial politics. Inter-tenurial relations were not unduly fractious; conflict focused on the incidence of taxation. Liberals and Conservatives held dogmatic views on the subject. Conservatives advocated State relief for local taxpayers. Liberals a tax on ground values. Rating policy between 1850 and 1906 is described: Conservative doctrine was politically attractive until a sectional restriction of State grants after 1895. Liberal doctrine originated in London in the 1860s, and was strongly marked by Henry George in the 1880s. Conservative parsimony alienated the main municipal pressure group in the 1890s at a time when towns were striving to meet the challenge of rapid expansion in competition with private capital, Property values were highly cyclical, and suffered a collapse in London between 1905 and 1910. Failing demand, higher interest rates and increased local taxation combined to produce this Edwardian property slump. Crises of local finance gave rise to ratepayer politics, exemplified in the London local elections of 1907. After their Parliamentary election victory in 1906 the Liberals strove to implement their fiscal doctrine. It reinforced an attack on groundowners which also drew upon romantic residues in English culture. A remarkable 'land campaign' was mounted by Lloyd George in 1912-14. Concurrently he embraced a scheme for the taxation of land values which was unsound in conception, mismanaged in application and effectively resisted. In the 1914 budget he attempted to bring the rating question to a head, but was forced to abandon his programme even before the outbreak of the war.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available