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Title: Friedrich Nietzsche and the early works of D.H. Lawrence
Author: Milton, Colin
ISNI:       0000 0003 8560 0752
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 1975
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The Introduction deals with Lawrence's early interest in philosophy, with his discovery of Nietzsche and with some of the evidence of Nietzschean influence in the early work. The first chapter deals with the relation between character and environment in The White Peacock and The Rainbow, linking Lawrence's treatment of the subject with the Nietzschean concept of 'organic memory'. The second chapter relates the view of the self in the early works to Nietzsche's distinctive psychology. Both writers regard the instincts as primary and reject Christian hostility to them, but both see unmodified impulse as dangerous and offer their own related strategies for the improvement of man. The third chapter examines Lawrence's view of consciousness and'language5 linking it with Nietzsche's account of them as superficial and derivative. Each sees physical evidence as revealing more about the psyche than what the subject thinks or says and each sees development as controlled by unconscious forces. The fourth chapter deals with the relation between conscious and unconscious in Lawrence's work and particularly with the conflict which can arise between them. This is linked with the theme of individuality in The Rainbow and I argue that the novel is optimistic because Lawrence thought that instinctive vitality had survived in industrial man. In the fifth chapter I argue that the Great War destroyed Lawrence's hopes because he saw it as the result of a general corruption of instinct. I try to show how stich a result is possible by discussing Lawrence's use of Nietzschean ideas about the genesis, modification and transmission of human traits. In conclusion I argue that both men wanted to effect a moral revolution which would ensure man's vitality and that Lawrence saw the goal of his art as that 'revaluation of values' of which Nietzsche was the chief prophet.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available