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Title: Music and communication : a study of young children's original melodies
Author: Leggatt, Edward William
ISNI:       0000 0001 2461 9076
Awarding Body: Institute of Education, University of London
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 1979
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Earlier research (Leggatt 1974) suggested that young children can communicate moods through original melodies. The present research examines the discriminating effect on mood communication of the components pitch, rhythm and speed. Age, sex, aural disembedding, perception, personality and ambiguity were considered. The hypotheses adopted were: 1. (i). Junior children can communicate through perceived moods in original melodies. (ii). This communication is made by virtue of one or more components. 2. Communication is dependent on Personality. 3. Communication is dependent on the ability to disembed. 4. Children like ambiguous tunes more than they like unambiguous tunes. Five moods identified as "Angryj comical, dreamy, frightened and sad" were chosen. The experimental method required each composer to produce, in random order on different days, five melodies each evocative of a stated mood. Each tune was recorded on magnetic tape so that listeners could have identical renditions. Each tune was then modified by subtracting successively pitch and rhythm. A third modification was altered speed. Tunes were assessed again for mood categorization; a sample was also assessed for preference of ambiguity or unambiguity. The results after computer and manual analvsis sugyýest: 1. Removal of a musical component alters original mood perception and may cause clustering of mood perceptions. 2. There is a connection between type of musical component perceived and mood. 3. Children's preference for ambiguous or unambiguous tunes is influenced by perceived mood of tune. .1 4. Sex, age, personality and aural disembedding ability do not significantly affect categorizations of original or modified tunes. The general implications are; In children's own tunes, perceived mood varies as components perceived. 2, The effect of certain components on mood perception may be more readily discernible than others. 3-, It is likely that a consensus exists amongst children regarding the embodiment of tunes. 4. Young children seem to sense bonding characteristics between certain moods embodied in tunes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available