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Title: A semantic analysis of Paul's election vocabulary
Author: Klein, William Wade
ISNI:       0000 0001 3600 7624
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 1977
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In Chapter I, we attempt to show these disparities and complexities. We illustrate the variety in the basic approaches to the issue of God's sovereignty and man's free will. We also show the fluidity in terminology. In addition, we delimit the specific task of this present study to the specific issue of "election to salvation." In particular, we are concerned with Paul's understanding of the Divine role in the election of men to salvation. Finally in Chapter I, we justify a specifically linguistic approach to this problem, in light of the problem of terminology. Entering into the realm of linguistics and semantics necessitates laying a basic foundation in those disciplines. In Chapter II we introduce some of the basic principles of modern linguistics, We draw from these the essential conclusions that our study must be primarily synchronic, and that we must be concerned with both lexis and grammar. In Chapter II, we also briefly treat the domain of semantics. We build a case for employing both referential and operational approaches to meaning. We introduce the importance of context for understanding meaning, stressing the necessity for investigating both linguistic and extra-Iinguistic context, though the present study will concentrate primarily in the former area. Finally in Chapter II, we introduce and explain our basic approach to language analysis, that of transformational-generative grammar. We adopt this model of language and attempt to show its values for a more thorough understanding of the underlying semantic relationships of language. Here we introduce the important distinction between surface and deep structure, arguing that the actual language spoken or written (the surface structure) has resulted via various transformational processes from underlying semantic (deep) structures. Increasingly, biblical scholars are making use of some of the basic principles and methods which have been developed in linguistics and semantics. In anticipation of our own specific methodology, in Chapter III we embark upon a survey of several representative scholars who are utilizing linguistic insights. We begin by establishing the primacy of the text as an object of investigation. Though we cannot ignore the source (and hence our explanation of the importance of the extra-linguistic context) nor issues relating to hermeneutics and the modern application of fee message, the task of structural exegesis is to explicate the text itself. We survey various scholars who employ structural methods in their explication of the text. We conclude that a structural approach can be valuable to the biblical exegete and certainly warrants inclusion among the various methods he employs. At the same time we must be alert to certain potential dangers and not expect nor demand more from a linguistic approach than it can provide. From these foundational considerations we move, in Chapter IV, to the specific issue with which we shall he concerned. We need to develop and demonstrate our own particular methodology for approaching the text of the New Testament, Before we can evaluate Paul's uses of the key elective terms, we need to explain just how that evaluation will be conducted, This we attempt to do by analyzing one of Paul's significant terms, poopizelv ('predestine'), as a paradigm for our subsequent analyses. First we conduct a grammatical analysis to show its semantic inter-relationships. Then, at the level of lexis, we investigate its reference and meaning components. Finally we deal with the other concerns of surface structure and statistics. Our goals in this chapter are to develop and explain our methodology, and to arrive at specific conclusions concerning Paul's use of this term. We then expand our horizons. There are many words which have some "elective" significance. What are they, and how can they be isolated In Chapter V we explain the basic tenets of semantic field theory, showing the benefits of this approach to structuring the vocabulary of a language. But more specifically, we delimit our inquiry to Paul's uses of election terms. We develop and perform a method of deriving Paul's election semantic field. These methods, though, result in an unruly collection of terms, many of which are non-significant, and which differ in their cruci-ality to the central issue of election to salvation. Some are central and important, while others are in varying degrees peripheral. So we perform a process for further refinement of this provisional semantic field until we arrive at Paul's election field on three levels. We establish criteria for assigning the various words to their respective levels and conclude the chapter with a discussion of those terms which we have assigned to the peripheral third and second levels.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available