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Title: The life and work of Henry Clutton (1819-93)
Author: Hunting, Penelope
ISNI:       0000 0001 3584 7939
Awarding Body: Royal Holloway, University of London
Current Institution: Royal Holloway, University of London
Date of Award: 1979
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Henry Clutton was a, pupil of Edward Blore and an associate of William Burges. He was related to the Cluttons of Whitehall Place (Surveyors to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners) and his reputation has suffered from confusion with another Henry Clutton (1814-95), a partner in that firm. This thesis constitutes the first full-scale biography of Henry Clutton (1819-93). It explores the professional relationship between Clutton and Burges, with particular reference to their designs for Lille Cathedral. A study of the extent, nature and distribution of Roman Catholic church-building in the second half of the nineteenth century forms a significant part of the thesis because Clutton converted to Catholicism at a crucial point in his career. The country churches and restorations which Clutton undertook for the Dukes of Bedford show another aspect of his work and an examination of his country houses further demonstrates his versatility. Extensiveuse has been made of family papers and of deposits in County Record Offices, local libraries, diocesan archives, scattered Anglican and Roman Catholic material as well as national archives. Clutton travelled on the Continent and he wrote a handsome book on French Domestic Architecture. During the l850s his career advanced rapidly, under the influence of the Ecclesiological Society and the writings of John Ruskin. The design "Foederis Arca" by Clutton and Burges gained first premium in the Li Il e Cathedral Competition (1856), establishing Clutton as a master of Early French Gothic architecture and a leader of the Early French phase of the Gothic Revival. As a Roman Catholic architect Clutton designed French Gothic and Romanesque churches, and a Westminster Cathedral comparable in design to Cologne or Amiens. Clutton's buildings are bold and never pretty. Utility, reality, space, scale. mass and horizontality were the chief principles of his designs and his details were invariably French.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available