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Title: The new utilitarians? : studies in the origins and early intellectual associations of Fabianism
Author: Howard, Sarah Lucy
ISNI:       0000 0001 3582 5502
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 1976
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This thesis concerns the intellectual origins and early associations of Fabianism. It concentrates on the period of the 1880's and early 1890's during which time the Fabian Society was founded and its basic doctrines were formed. Its principals are the small group of intellectuals who played the major role in working out its basic theories. The thesis is arranged as a series of studies of five thinkers or schools of thought with whom the Fabians had important intellectual associations. Each of the five studies seeks both to supplement and supply a revision of the received account of the formative influences and intellectual traditions which shaped the development of Fabian Socialism. The importance of Comte and the English Positivists, Marx, J. S. Mill and the Utilitarians upon the formation of Fabian thought is a matter of existing recognition, whereas the apparently paradoxical influence of Herbert Spencer has been previously neglected, to the detriment of a proper understanding of the early development of Fabianism. A recognition of Spencer's importance requires a reappraisal not a rejection of the generally received view of the Fabians as the 'New Utilitarians.' Fabian theory emerged out of a process of blending and modifying the traditions of Radicalism, Positivism and Socialism. The emergence of that theory was conditioned by the experience of middle class intellectuals facing new social and economic uncertainties in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. It is as intellectuals who see themselves as practical men that the Fabians most clearly emerge as the 'New Utilitarians'.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: DA Great Britain ; HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform