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Title: The Growth and Influence of the West Cumberland Shipping Industry 1660-1800.
Author: Eaglesham, A.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3436 8493
Awarding Body: University of Lancaster
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 1977
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The period 1660 to 1800 marked the transition from sparsely populated rural coastline to industrial belt in West Cumberland. At the same time, within this major transition, there occurred a local development of equal significance for west Cumberland, the changing role of Whitehaven. Dominant during the first half of the century, and an integral part of mercantile expansion on the western seaboard, Whitehaven was by the close of the century being challenged by Workington and even to some extent Maryport; and although still dominant in absolute terms, relatively its growth rate was in decline. The central factor in this period of transition was the growth of trade in general and coal exports in particular. West Cumberland's shipping industry expanded ten-fold, and by 1790 the Port of Whitehaven, comprising Whitehaven, Workington, Harrington and Maryport, owned more shipping tonnage than either Glasgow or Bristol. The first part of the thesis is a study of this expansion in trade and its mode of operation. But trade is only one aspect of shipping growth. The need for more ships, and conversely the needs of the ships in terms of servicing, anchorage and loading facilities, led to expansion in shipbuilding, harbours and the maritime trades. It is this aspect of shipping espansion which is dealt with in the second part of the thesis. Thirdly, the rapid expansion of the merchant fleet led to population growth. This entailed not merely urban change in general, but specific consequences derived from the particular qualities and problems inherent in the mariner's profession. The third section,therefore, deals with population change and the maritime profession. However, the three parts are not so much separate studies as separate approaches to the central problem of shipping expansion. It is hoped that by presenting the inter-action between economic, urban and social factors in this way, the study may contribute to a fuller understanding of the total impact of shipping expansion on West Cumberland at this period.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available