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Title: The development of the Aberdeen granite industry, 1750-1939
Author: Donnelly, Thomas
ISNI:       0000 0000 2382 8469
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 1975
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This thesis examines the growth and development of granite quarrying and manufacturing in Aberdeen and its environs from circa 1750 until 1939. The thesis is in two parts. The first part, covering the period 1750-1880, traces the growth of quarrying from being merely ancillary to agricultural improvement and estate exploitation to an industry in its own right. Accompanying this is an investigation of the reasons for the rise of granite manufacturing after 1830 with its emphasis on monumental and building masonry. The second part of the work is concerned with the structure of both sectors of the industry, the sources of entrepreneurship, capital, management and social mobility. It also examines the role of the Granite Association. This is followed by a chapter on the recruitment of labour, working conditions, wage movements and the emergence of trade unionism in the industry. The methods used in this study are a mixture of quantitative and qualitative analysis, based on information and data collected from a wide variety of sources. These include company, trade union and trade association records, official publications and Parliamentary Papers, newspapers and journals. Considerable use has been made of oral evidence. The findings show that little granite was quarried before 1750, but that the subsequent process of industrialisation, both locally and nationally, stimulated a demand for stone which lasted throughout the nineteenth century. The manufacturing sector did not emerge until the 1830s, and did not expand significantly until after 1870, when there was a high demand for memorials from the United States. Both sectors enjoyed prosperity during the building boom of the Late 'nineties, which saw heavy investment in fixed capital to meet the demands of expanding markets. By 1904, however, the boom had come to an end; apart from short-lived revivals in the 'twenties and 'thirties, the industry fell into a decline from which it has yet to recover.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available