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Title: Interactions of some heterocyclic compounds with hepatic microsomal cytochromes P-450
Author: Dickins, Maurice
ISNI:       0000 0001 3423 935X
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 1978
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This study has investigated the interactions of a number of methylenedioxy compounds and some substituted benzimidazoles with hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450. Various substituted benzimidazoles were found to bind to rat hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450, eliciting the formation of different types of binding spectra. A series of 2-n-alkylbenzimidazoles produced either Type I or Type RI binding spectra and these compounds inhibited monooxygenase reactions, Several methylenedioxy compounds elicited the formation of methylenedioxy metabolite-cytochrome P-450 complexes in the presence of either NADPH and oxygen or cumene hydroperoxide in vitro. Methylenedioxy metabolites were bound to the haem iron of cytochrome P-450 and the resultant complexes were less stable in the oxidized (Fe[3+]) than the reduced (Fe[2+]) state. Oxidized isosafrole metabolite-cytochrome P-450 complexes formed in vivo following the administration of isosafrole to rats were readily dissociated in vitro by the addition of certain substrates of the monooxygenase system. Such substrates were typically lipophilic and had a high affinity for the Type I binding site of cytochrome P-450, An apparent increase in cytochrome P-450 levels and enhanced cytochrome P-450-mediated enzyme activities were observed after the time-dependent dissociation had occurred. When hepatic microsomes from rats which received isosafrole in vivo were subjected to sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, a protein of 54,000 molecular weight was found to be induced. This protein was identified as a haemoprotein and had an electrophoretic mobility different from the proteins preferentially induced by either phenobarbitone or 20-methylcholanthrene treatment. Both the isosafrole-induced protein and the isosafrole metabolite-cytochrome P-450 complex were observed in microsomal preparations from rats which had received phenobarbitone and isosafrole or 20-methylcholanthrene and isosafrole, Isosafrole-related material was also found to be apparently irreversibly bound to rat and mouse proteins following the administration of [o-[14]C] isosafrole in vivo.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available