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Title: Conditions of Building in Rome and the Papal States in the Mid-Fifteenth Century.
Author: Burroughs, C.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3511 185X
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University of London
Date of Award: 1978
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Evidence for real development in the city is stressed rather than ideal schemes or building at the Vatican. The existing focus of growth in Pari one is related to the residence of prelates and local aristocrats, often implicated in papal administration. Individual and institutional activity in the property-market is noted. Papal interventions are approached through the personnel; the emergence of Nello da Bologna as responsible especially for Nicholas' building-projects is documented, as is his involvement with comunal offices, particularly during the Jubilee. The leading local builders are identified; their economic dependence on ecclesiastical office or status in the local milieu rather than on papal commissions is noted. Immigrant builders are discussed through the contrast of a well-organised and well-equipped professional Lombard equipe and the career of a versatile individual. Their work in and outside Rome is reviewed. Three cases of urbanistic interventions are identified. The early and unprecedented resort to edicts to promote development in an artificially defined area is related to socio-political and religious factors, in themselves insufficient to explain Nicholas' involvement without consideration of human and classical associations. The significance of the display of papal insignia in the Via Maggiore is elUCidated in terms of the reconciliation of papal authority with traditional claims, especially those of a major confraternity. The urbanistic significance of the papal response to local development and rivalries in the Lateran area is documented. Finally, the scale and economic significance of the construction carried out along the river are noted. Papal and private development at and near the Ponte S. Angelo is discussed; its integration into a unified urbanistic project, recreating a classical street and alluding to miraculous associations of the site, is pOSited. The involvement of the local milieu is documented and interpreted as characteristic of Nicholas' encouragement and guidance of local initiative.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available