Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.448498
Title: A study of RNA synthesis and its control in isolated macronuclei from Tetrahymena
Author: Aziz, Shakila
ISNI:       0000 0001 3434 4918
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 1979
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Abstract:
1. Using the initiation inhibitors rifamycin AF/013 and heparin, it has been shown that isolated macronuclei from Tetrahymena are not capable of reinitiating RNA synthesis in vitro in the absence of cytoplasm. However, they do appear to be able to elongate RNA chains that were initiated in vivo. 2. Macronuclei were found to be able to synthesize discrete species of RNA under standard assay conditions. These RNA species have been characterised so far only in terms of their sizes. The species of RNA which have been observed on gel electrophoresis are 25S, 17S, 15-8S and 4-5S, together with one or two additional minor species. The 15-OS broad band, tentatively identified as mRNA, was only observed as a discrete peak in experiments in which nuclei were incubated in the presence of heparin. The other peaks have S values similar to ribosomal RNAs (25S, 17S and 5S) and transfer RNA (4S) as characterised in iri vivo experiments. 3. It has been shown that Tetrahymena contains separate pools of free and template engaged RNA polymerase I and II. The size of these pools depends on the physiological state of the cells (growth conditions). Macronuclei from starved cells had 17% of the transcriptional activity of those from exponential cells, but it was shown that the former nuclei had a greater ratio of free to engaged RNA polymerase than the latter. 4. RNA synthesis in isolated macronuclei from exponential cells was stimulated on addition of cytoplasmic extract from rapidly dividing Tetrahymena cells. The stimulation was not very great and amounted to only 35% above control. However, RNA synthesis in macronuclei isolated from starved Tetrahymena cells was stimulated 100% by cytoplasmic extract from exponential cells. It was also shown that RNA synthesis in isolated macronuclei could be stimulated by the cytoplasmic extracts obtained from Xenopus oocytes and chick embryo. The extent of stimulation in this case was about 80%. It was concluded that at least some of the factors stimulating nuclear transcription were not species specific.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: British Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.448498  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QH Natural history ; QL Zoology ; QP Physiology
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