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Title: The Tamil renaissance and Dravidion nationalism, 1905-1944, with special reference to the works of Maraimalai Atikal.
Author: Arooran, K. N.
ISNI:       0000 0000 8280 7676
Awarding Body: School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 1976
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In recent years much attention has been paid, in historical research, to the study of Tamil politics, particularly in relation to the Justice Party of the 1920's and 1930's. In the present study attention is also paid to the earlier decades of the 20th century, particularly in relation to the important role played by the Tamil language in the shaping of the Dravidian consciousness. The beginnings of the Tamil Renaissance and the origin of Dravidian consciousness are discussed in the introduction. The first part of the thesis' is devoted to an examination of the origin of the Non-Brahmin Movement, which sowed the seeds of Dravidian Nationalism. At the same time there was a spurt in Tamil literary activity and many new styles of writing were introduced by writers, the foremost among whom was C. Subramania Bharati. In University education, there was growing pressure for a larger part for Tamil Studies, and this is discussed in detail. The different stages in the formation and propagation of the Dravidian ideology are analysed in the second part of the thesis. This includes a detailed study of two movements, namely, the Anti-Hindi Agitation and the Tamil Icai Movement, which were clear manifestations of the revival of the Tamil language. The third part of the work is devoted to the study of the contribution made by Maraimalai Atika)r who was-the founder of the Pure Tamil Movement and author of more than fifty works in Tamil and English. His writings which cover a wide range of subjects, reflect his thinking and also show how he added strength to the ideological basis of Dravidian Nationalism. This, and the other contributions that he made toward the Tamil Renaissance are discussed in the third part.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Doctoral Thesis - Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available