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Title: Automatic image annotation and object detection
Author: Tang, Jiayu
ISNI:       0000 0001 3498 2143
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2008
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We live in the midst of the information era, during which organising and indexing information more effectively is a matter of essential importance. With the fast development of digital imagery, how to search images - a rich form of information - more efficiently by their content has become one of the biggest challenges. Content-based image retrieval (CBIR) has been the traditional and dominant technique for searching images for decades. However, not until recently have researchers started to realise some vital problems existing in CBIR systems. One of the most important is perhaps what people call the \textit{semantic gap}, which refers to the gap between the information that can be extracted from images and the interpretation of the images for humans. As an attempt to bridge the semantic gap, automatic image annotation has been gaining more and more attentions in recent years. This thesis aims to explore a number of different approaches to automatic image annotation and some related issues. It begins with an introduction into different techniques for image description, which forms the foundation of the research on image auto-annotation. The thesis then goes on to give an in-depth examination of some of the quality issues of the data-set used for evaluating auto-annotation systems. A series of approaches to auto-annotation are presented in the follow-up chapters. Firstly, we describe an approach that incorporates the salient based image representation into a statistical model for better annotation performance. Secondly, we explore the use of non-negative matrix factorisation (NMF), a matrix decomposition tehcnique, for two tasks; object class detection and automatic annotation of images. The results imply that NMF is a promising sub-space technique for these purposes. Finally, we propose a model named the image based feature space (IBFS) model for linking image regions and keywords, and for image auto-annotation. Both image regions and keywords are mapped into the same space in which their relationships can be measured. The idea of multiple segmentations is then implemented in the model, and better results are achieved than using a single segmentation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available