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Title: Development and formulation of wax-based transdermal drug delivery systems
Author: Oladiran, Gbolahan S.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3456 0856
Awarding Body: Aston University
Current Institution: Aston University
Date of Award: 2008
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Topical and transdermal formulations are promising platforms for the delivery of drugs. A unit dose topical or transdermal drug delivery system that optimises the solubility of drugs within the vehicle provides a novel dosage form for efficacious delivery that also offers a simple manufacture technique is desirable. This study used Witepsol® H15 wax as a abase for the delivery system. One aspect of this project involved determination of the solubility of ibuprofen, flurbiprofen and naproxen in the was using microscopy, Higuchi release kinetics, HyperDSC and mathematical modelling techniques. Correlations between the results obtained via these techniques were noted with additional merits such as provision of valuable information on drug release kinetics and possible interactions between the drug and excipients. A second aspect of this project involved the incorporation of additional excipients: Tween 20 (T), Carbopol®971 (C) and menthol (M) to the wax formulation. On in vitro permeation through porcine skin, the preferred formulations were: ibuprofen (5% w/w) within Witepsol®H15 + 1% w/w T; flurbiprofen (10% w/w) within Witepsol®H15 + 1% w/w T; naproxen (5% w/w) within Witepsol®H15 + 1% w/w T + 1% C and sodium diclofenac (10% w/w) within Witepsol®H15 + 1% w/w T + 1% w/w T + 1% w/w C + 5% w/w M. Unit dose transdermal tablets containing ibuprofen and diclofenac were produced with improved flux compared to marketed products; Voltarol Emugel® demonstrated flux of 1.68x10-3 cm/h compared to 123 x 10-3 cm/h for the optimised product as detailed above; Ibugel Forte® demonstrated a permeation coefficient value of 7.65 x 10-3 cm/h compared to 8.69 x 10-3 cm/h for the optimised product as described above.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Pharmacy ; Biological Sciences