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Title: Economics of total energy schemes in the liberalised European energy market
Author: Lampret, Peter
ISNI:       0000 0001 3604 5161
Awarding Body: Sheffield Hallam University
Current Institution: Sheffield Hallam University
Date of Award: 2007
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This thesis is concerned with the liberalisation of the European Energy markets and the affects this has had on total energy systems. The work concentrates on a number of case studies all of which are located in the area surrounding Gelsenkirchen - Bottrop - Gladbeck, the centre of the Ruhr region of Germany. The thesis describes briefly how the legislation of the parliament of the extended European Union has been interpreted and enacted into German legislation and its affects on production, transport, sales and customers. Primarily the legislation has been enacted to reduce energy costs by having a competitive market while enabling security of supply. The legislation whose development has accelerated since 1999 can lead to negative effects and these have been highlighted for the case studies chosen. The legislation and technological advances, each of them successful by themselves, do not provide the expected reduction of carbon dioxide emissions when applied to total energy system. The introduction of human behaviour as a missing link makes the problems evident and gives a theoretical basis to overcome these problems. The hypothesis is proven by eight detailed research projects and four concisely described ones. The base of the research is the experience gained on approximately 1,000 operation years of the simplest total energy system, that of centralised heating. This experience is transferred to different solutions for total energy systems and their economics in combination with the changing legislation and observation of human behaviour. The variety of topics of the case studies includes the production of heat by boiler, solar or combined heat and power and the use of fuel cells. Additionally the transfer of heat, at the place of demand is considered, either as an individual boiler in a building or as de-centralised district heating. The various results of these projects come together in a final project which covers four different heating systems in identical buildings each with five apartments. Based on the experience described a schematic of the energy system is developed demonstrating the interdependence of actors within energy systems, the energy system itself and the outer frame which includes legislation and the environment. In parallel a financial solution is proposed for a future carbon dioxide free heating and hot potable water supply. To combine both systems a missing link that of human behaviour is introduced. This linkage requires changes of legislation which are described. The solution proposed enables future energy consumption and in parallel the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions.
Supervisor: Denman, Malcolm ; Foss, Peter Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available