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Title: Methods for reducing the cost of cementitious building components in developing countries, with particular reference to rainwater harvesting
Author: Still, Gwilym T.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3485 7625
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2007
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Cementitious building components, although widely used in low-income countries, are too expensive for many applications related to low-income housing. This thesis explores three options for reducing component cost: 1. Use of local fine aggregates, often with clay contamination, instead of low-fines sands transported from a distance. 2. Improved designs, to achieve better material economy. 3. Change of production environment, from on-site to component prefabrication followed by transport to site. Water storage tanks for rainwater harvesting were used as the example for component design, and as a case-study for considering the effect of changing the production environment. The work showed that: In some cases, use of local aggregates will give a cost saving of around 10%. Improved design can give significant reduction in materials usage, of up to 40%. Off-site prefabrication of components, followed by on-site assembly to produce the desired product, does not seem preferable to the prevelant practice of entirely on-site production from raw materials. However, factory-based manufacture of complete products, followed by transport to site, has a number of attractions over entirely on-site production. Out of the three options examined, improved component design offers the greatest benefits for the case study considered.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering ; TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)