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Title: CMOS/bipolar current conveyor design and development
Author: Robinson, Anthony J.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3527 3111
Awarding Body: Oxford Brookes University
Current Institution: Oxford Brookes University
Date of Award: 2007
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The aim of this research programme was to design and develop a novel CMOS current conveyor, to improve areas such as bandwidth, slew rate, gain, and Powe- Supply Reject Ratio (PSRR). The current conveyor can be used in low frequency applications such as LED drivers for mobile phones and televisions, and high frequency applications such as mixers for up/down converters used in anything from radios to mobile phones. The initial part of the research looked into improving the Power Supply Rejection Ration (PSRR) of the current follower (mirror) by increasing its output impedance. Several types of current mirror were compared using analytical and simulation methods, using a new generic low frequency transistor model which was used to highlight the differences in impedance between BJT and CMOS current mirrors. It was found that the best type of mirror was the regulated cascode current mirror which offered the largest value of output impedance when built from CMOS transistors. Work then moved onto the voltage follower. By initially using a typical CMOS source follower, it was found that the voltage gain suffered from low values transconductance, drain/source resistance, and a larger than expected value of source resistance, which was extracted from simulation and was found to be around 300- 350Q. The best design was a two stage un-buffered amplifier which offered the best Power Supply Rejection (PSRR) voltage gain and bandwidth. Several different types of current conveyor (CCII+) were simulated and the results were compared. It was found that the best types of current conveyor were the cascode type conveyors which offered a voltage gain error of less than 1%. The regulated cascode type current conveyor offered the highest figure of PSRR that of around 60dB. Finally the new cascode type current conveyors were used to build examples of current feedback operational amplifiers (CFOAs), and the cascode type CCIl+ offered a voltage gain error of less than I%, largest bandwidth and best P SRR.
Supervisor: Lidgey, John ; Hayatleh, Khaled Sponsor: Maxim Integrated Products (UK) Ltd
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral