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Title: High-gain planar resonant cavity antennas using metamaterial surfaces
Author: Wang, Shenhong
ISNI:       0000 0001 2426 5159
Awarding Body: Loughborough University
Current Institution: Loughborough University
Date of Award: 2006
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This thesis studies a new class of high gain planar resonant cavity antennas based on metamaterial surfaces. High-gain planar antennas are becoming increasing popular due to their significant advantages (e.g. low profile, small weight and low cost). Metamaterial surfaces have emerged over the last few years as artificial structures that provide properties and functionalities not readily available from existing materials. This project addresses novel applications of innovative metamaterial surfaces on the design of high-gain planar antennas. A ray analysis is initially employed in order to describe the beamfonning action of planar resonant cavity antennas. The phase equations of resonance predict the possibility of low-profile/subwavelength resonant cavity antennas and tilted beams. The reduction of the resonant cavity profile can be obtained by virtue of novel metamaterial ground planes. Furthermore, the EBG property of metamaterial ground planes would suppress the surface waves and obtain lower backlobes. By suppressing the TEM mode in a resonant cavity, a novel aperture-type EBG Partially Reflective Surface (PRS) is utilized to get low sidelobes in both planes (E-plane and H-plane) in a relatively finite structure. The periodicity optimization of PRS to obtain a higher maximum directivity is also investigated. Also it is shown that antennas with unique tilted beams are achieved without complex feeding mechanism. Rectangular patch antennas and dipole antennas are employed as excitations of resonant cavity antennas throughout the project. Three commercial electromagnetic simulation packages (Flomerics Microstripes ™ ver6.S, Ansoft HFSSTM ver9.2 and Designer ™ ver2.0) are utilized during the rigorous numerical computation. Related measurements are presented to validate the analysis and simulations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: High-gain planar antennas ; Sub wavelength resonant cavity ; Metamaterials ; Arrays ; Electromagnetic band gap ; Artificial magnetic conductor