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Title: The origins of late eighteenth-century prison reform in England
Author: Hardman, Philippa J.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3531 5086
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2007
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The thesis is divided into three stages of analysis: first, it considers the penal reform ideas which circulated in England during the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, demonstrating continuities over time in the arguments advanced in favour of institutionalised hard labour. The thesis then analyses the reform discourse used by eighteenth-century penal reformers, first on a national level, and secondly on the local level through a comparative case study of reform activity in Gloucestershire, Lancashire and Middlesex. The cases made for reform in each of these counties shared some remarkable and important similarities, as did the reform language used at the national and the local level. The final stage of the thesis examines the implementation of reform in Gloucestershire, Lancashire and Middlesex, identifying what late eighteenth-century reformed prisons were designed to achieve and how reform was presented to the wider public audience. The main argument of the thesis is that the prisons which were built at the end of the eighteenth century were the product, on the one hand, of the revived resonance of a penal reform discourse which first emerged in the sixteenth century, and on the other, of a sense of alarm and belief in improvement generated by local level reformers' strategic use of language. The main findings of the thesis are, first, that late eighteenth- century prison reform ideas and discourse formed part of a tradition which stretched back to the sixteenth century and, secondly, that language and culture played a decisive part in making late eighteenth-century prison reform happen.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available