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Title: The road to change : the emergence of autonomy in South Korean higher education policy with special reference to two national universities
Author: Noh, Sung Hun.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3448 2579
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2007
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South Korean higher education has been regarded as an essential resource for national and personal development both by the government and the people. In particular, its economic significance has been great since the authoritarian military regime of the 1960s. Korean higher education policy had been controlled by the government. Based on this background, it has developed greatly in extent. However, with Korean political democracy and the spread of global economy under neoliberal market principles since the 1990s, the Korean government provided the universities with the right to manage themselves to improve managerial performance and quality in consideration of its low international competitiveness. From this autonomy policy, main issues to explore emerged: on how changes have developed both for the government and in the institutions, in two national universities in particular, with regard to autonomy and responsibility. This thesis introduces a proposition which rewards greater empowerment to the universities with institutional changes to improve managerial performance and quality together with the key actors' support. All the results show that the autonomy policy was followed to bring changes as proposed above. The authoritarian government style changed into a more collaborative relationship through greater empowerment to the universities. In response to this, the two universities made efforts to change themselves through responsible self-management with the support of key actors. However, some limitations to full institutional autonomy also appeared in the government policy, the institutions' implementing process and the key actors' views.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available