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Title: Key factors for the implementation of successful, stand-alone village electrification schemes in Peru
Author: Sanchez-Campos, Teodoro
ISNI:       0000 0001 3548 9588
Awarding Body: Nottingham Trent University
Current Institution: Nottingham Trent University
Date of Award: 2006
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The hypothesis of this work is that there are social, financial, technical, managerial institutional and political key factors that may either support or prevent the success of small stand alone energy systems in rural areas. This research work aims at contributing to the identification of such factors and study their relevance to the performance and sustainability of stand alone energy systems in rural areas; to meet its purpose, a wide range of literature was reviewed including rural electrification programmes and projects, research and development projects on access to electricity in rural areas, impact studies and others, and a field research survey was done the Andes and Upper Jungle regions in Peru. Nineteen possible critical factors were identified, thirteen with relevance at the local context (the community or village), and six with relevance at the national (or wider) context. From literature review it was found that the possible local critical factors were relevant only to four categories of factors instead of the six considered initially (i.e. social, financial, technological and managerial); the other two categories, political and institutional were found to be more relevant to the national context, therefore those were included in the group of possible critical factors of wider context. A series of questionnaires were designed to collect field data information, which was later used to analyse and establish the relation of each identified factor with the success of the systems studied. The survey research was implemented in 14 villages, 7 with small diesel sets and 7 with small hydropower schemes, all spread in the Andes and Upper Jungle of Peru, which were carefully selected to be representative of regions with isolated stand alone systems and with different socioeconomic background. Out of the 13 possible critical factors of local context, it was found that only 3 are really critical, the others are important but not critical; one of them (technical assistance) was found to be closely linked to national capacity, therefore for practical reasons both are considered as one critical factor or wider context. Although more research study is needed to establish a more clearer result on the factors of wider context (national context), it was found that out of the 6 factors of wider context only one appears to be critical, the other 5 are important but not critical. Therefore the summary of critical factors is as follows: a) Critical Factors of Local Context • Management • Local capacity b) Critical Factors of National Context • Technical Support/national capacity On the local factors, management appears to be the most critical of all factors, because with good management, most of the other factors can be overcome. It was also found that "The small enterprise model" tested by Practical Action on small scale hydropower schemes is proving to be successful and other organisations are starting to use it in different contexts. Therefore future research is recommended on this particular management model in order to be useful for rural electrification programmes based on decentralised energy generation systems.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available