Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Effects of vitamin C on DNA damage, iron homeostasis and gene expression profiling in human fibroblasts
Author: Duarte, Tiago Pereira de Lacerda Costa
ISNI:       0000 0001 3433 3469
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 2006
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid, AA) is an important antioxidant in human plasma. AA has, however, other important, non-antioxidant roles in cells. Of particular interest is its involvement in iron metabolism, since AA enhances dietary iron absorption, promotes Fenton reactions in vitro and was reported to have deleterious effects in individuals with iron overload. The mechanisms of AA-driven free radical generation from iron have been the subject of great discussion. However, whilst the AA-driven Fenton reaction is well established in test tube reactions, the relevance of this pro-oxidant chemistry in cells, tissues or organisms remains unclear. To understand whether AA has an overall antioxidant or pro-oxidant effect in cells, the present study investigated its ability to modulate iron homeostasis and iron-mediated oxidative injury in primary normal human diploid fibroblasts. Results show that AA increased the levels of intracellular catalytic iron and concomitantly modulated the expression of two well known iron-regulated genes, ferritin and transferrin receptor. Notably, treatment of confluent fibroblasts with physiologically relevant concentrations of AA was not harmful but sensitised cells towards iron-dependent, H2O2-induced DNA strand breakage and cell death. The possibility that AA regulates cellular function, through its effects on the intracellular redox state and/or on iron homeostasis, was also addressed by performing a genome- wide analysis of AA-induced gene expression in human fibroblasts. Results showed that AA stimulates quiescent cell populations to re-enter the cell cycle and proliferate. In summary, this work shows that AA increases iron availability and enhances ROS-mediated, iron-dependent damage in human cells. It is proposed that AA may exacerbate the deleterious effects of metals in vivo and promote normal tissue injury in situations associated with elevated ROS production. It is also suggested that AA may promote fibroblast activation during the process of wound healing, where quiescent dermal fibroblasts are required to readily undergo cell division.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available