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Title: Internet addiction : assessment and online and offline selves
Author: Widyanto, Laura Laurentia
ISNI:       0000 0001 3567 8661
Awarding Body: Nottingham Trent University
Current Institution: Nottingham Trent University
Date of Award: 2007
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The first study examined the psychometric properties of the Internet Addiction Test (Young, 1998b). The IAT has high face validity, but it has not been subjected to systematic psychometric testing. Factor analysis of the IAT revealed six factors - salience, excessive use, neglecting work, anticipation, lack of control and neglecting social life. These factors showed good internal consistency and concurrent validity, with salience being the most reliable. The second study examined the psychometric properties of the Internet-Related Problem Scale (Armstrong, Phillips, & Baling, 2000), as well as exploring the relationship with self-esteem and personality, and online and offline attitudes. The results suggest that higher neuroticism and lower self-esteem were associated with more problems due to Internet use, and lower self-esteem would lead to bigger discrepancies in an individual's online and offline attitudes. However, it was found that the IRPS could only account for the negative discrepancies. The third study examined participants' online and offline self-esteem, as well as their online and offline persona. The only significant difference was found in forum users who had higher online self-esteem. Furthermore, female chat room users had significantly higher online self-esteem compared to offline self-esteem. Some common themes were identified in how participants perceived themselves online and offline. These include disinhibition, control, isolation, escape from reality, and information access. The final study compared three different Internet addiction measures, the IAT, the IRPS, and a self-diagnostic question (Petrie & Gunn, 1998). Participants who defined themselves as Internet addicts had higher scores on the IAT and IRPS, implying that they had a reliable judgement on their level of involvement with the Internet. It was also found that participants on different types of application varied on their frequency of use, age, and total IAT and IRPS scores. Results from these studies indicate the need for researchers to look at the Internet according to its different functions, instead of one general concept.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available