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Title: The political economy of resource allocation by the state in India : an inter-state comparison of public policy and distributional outcomes for the poor
Author: Lakshman, Narayan.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3604 0440
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 2007
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Empirical evidence suggests that India had significant and persistent regional disparities in poverty reduction, particularly during the period 1985-2000. This evidence makes a compelling case for examining the impact of political factors on pro-poor policies and distributional outcomes when combined with the fact that: 1. The state has continued to play a key role in affecting distributional outcomes for the poor, and 2. Regime types across Indian states vary in terms of their caste composition and the overall balance of power between competing groups in society. This thesis is an exploration of the impact of regime type at the state level in India on the effectiveness of pro-poor policies, appropriately selected. To investigate this relationship between regime types and pro-poor policies this thesis combines, for two middle-income south Indian states during the period 1985-2000, state-level analyses of the budgetary process with studies of the political history of each state. The aim of the exercise is to shed light upon the main trends in the politics of resource allocation and situate these trends in the context of the changing political settlement in each state. The thesis uses the framework of political economy, which recognises the interplay of political factors on economic policies and their distributional outcomes. Thus the underlying argument of this paper considers the role of political power, and the mechanisms of this power are studied at the state level through a wide range of interviews and analysis of secondary data. Additionally, attention is given to the politics of redistribution in terms of pro-poor policies. Under the broad methodology of inter-state comparative case studies, this research therefore shows how public policy and the evolving balance of power during the twentieth century can significantly explain political and distributional outcomes for the poor observed in these two states today.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available