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Title: Digital mapping in three dimensional space : geometry, features and access
Author: Slingsby, Aiden David
ISNI:       0000 0001 3417 1834
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2006
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Demand for large-scale digital vector base mapping is high, fuelled by developments in geographical information systems (GIS), spatial databases, and location-aware devices. The representation of real-world features (e.g. buildings, gardens, sheds), their properties and the spatial relationships between them are essential for supporting these types of applications and they provide an enduring focus for GIS research. There is an increasing and inevitable demand for three-dimensional (3D) however, many currently-available 3D data tend to focus on visualisation aspects, making them unsuitable for populating 3D feature-based databases for spatial analysis. The thesis considers how 3D data can be structured in order that it may be used to support applications in a GIS context. The guiding design principles used to develop the conceptual model are: establishment of a data repository to which information can be added in an in cremental fashion (in order that progress can be made without the requirement of exhaustive 3D surveys) storage of 3D geometry (facilitating the representation of complex multistorey and juxtaposed building parts) ability to describe different conceptualisations of features (e.g. 'rooms' and 'flats') and the relationships between them seamless treatment of space exterior and interior to buildings (in order to treat all space with equivalence) incorporate pedestrian accessibility (spaces are topologically connected and pedestrian access constraints are embedded) representation of a temporal dimension. The key concept is that of 'urban spaces' (discrete units of space in which human activity can occur) inside and outside buildings within the 3D environment. These are organised into layers whose surface geometries are interpolated, even where height data are poorly resolved. The thesis develops a conceptual model, implements a prototype and then illustrates its use for various applications. Particular emphasis is placed upon applications which require pedestrian access information and the definition and identification of 'spaces' and 'real-world features' in 3D built environments.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available