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Title: Images and identities in the funerary art of Western Anatolia, 600-450 BC : Phrygia, Hellespontine Phrygia, Lydia
Author: Draycott, Catherine M.
ISNI:       0000 0000 5427 2846
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2010
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The dissertation analyses the reliefs and paintings on thirty-one different tombs in Western Anatolia erected between 600 and 450 BC, in order to illuminate the ways in which non-Greek elites were identified on their memorials. The tombs from three areas are treated: Phrygia, Hellespontine Phrygia and Lydia, where the primary language groups were Phrygian, Mysian and Lydian. There is little literary evidence for these regions, and what there is tends to focus on political developments. Descriptions of people and society are few, and tend to represent them from an outside perspective, grouping them according to cultural characteristics which differentiate them from Greeks. It is clear, however, that the regions were important, prosperous places, controlled by illustrious grandees and land marked with a relatively high proportion of monumental tombs. Of these monumental tombs, there is a relatively high number decorated with striking and articulate images. There is much to be gained from examining the images on these tombs, as ‘indigenous’ sources for how elite Western Anatolians described themselves. Previous approaches to the tombs and their images have tended to look at them individually or in smaller groups, and to concentrate on the transmission and reception of Persian and Greek culture in the Achaemenid provinces. This dissertation contributes a broader comparative study of the decorated tombs, focussing on the kinds of statuses the images represent and the cultural forms these took. By comparing the various methods of self-representation, it clarifies patterns of identities in Western Anatolia and their relationship to historical circumstances. The dissertation is divided into five chapters. An introduction outlines the scope and sample, the historical background, previous studies of the monuments, the definition of ‘identity’ and the methods of analysis adopted here. Three case study chapters present the regions and the decorated monuments within them. A concluding chapter synthesises three aspects: social identities (roles and spheres of life represented); geographic and chronological patterns; and cultural affiliations and orientations. The dissertation concludes that a tension between Persian identities and local traditions is evident in some of the tomb images, which relates to the political upheavals in Western Anatolia and the Aegean at the time of the Persian Wars.
Supervisor: Smith, Roland R. R. Sponsor: AHRC Doctoral Funding Award ; Thomas Greene Scholarship
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Art ; Plastic arts ; Painting & paintings ; Visual art and representation ; Archeology ; Greek archeology ; History of art and visual culture ; History of the ancient world ; Graeco-Persian ; Greco-Persian ; Perso-Anatolian art ; stelai ; stelae ; chamber tombs ; wall paintings ; banquets ; convoys ; ekphora ; burial ; archaic Asia Minor ; Daskyleion ; Sardis ; Kelainai ; Tatarli ; Sultaniye ; Bursa ; Biga Plain ; Granicus ; Troad ; Polyxena Sarcophagus ; Phrygian Highlands ; Yilan Tas ; Arslan Tas ; Aslan Tash ; Afyon ; Odemis