Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.428244
Title: Youths who sexually harm : multivariate models of perpetrator characteristics and behaviour
Author: Almond, Louise Elizabeth
ISNI:       0000 0001 3418 1768
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2006
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Abstract:
During the 1990's there was an increasing awareness of the possibility that children and adolescents can sexually harm. Current methods of classification often take a single one-dimensional approach to differentiating youths who sexually harm. What is needed is a multifaceted approach capable of responding to the diversity as well as the complexity of this phenomenon. Current multifaceted approaches combine perpetrator, victim and offence behaviour characteristics. What is needed are two separate frameworks, one to understand the young person and another to understand his/her abusive behavior. The perpetrator, victim and offence characteristics for 300 youths aged between 9 and 18 years from two specialist agencies in the North West are presented. The thesis investigates the variations in perpetrator characteristics that exist among youths who sexually harm. Forty-one perpetrator characteristics were coded as present or absent and the pattern of co-occurrence of these characteristics was revealed by a multi-dimensional scaling procedure, Smallest Space Analysis (SSA). The results provide empirical support for three background themes, 215 (71%) of the youths could be assigned to one dominant theme of background characteristics (Abused, Delinquent or Impaired). The thesis examines each of these three themes in detail with respect to particular perpetrator, victim and behavioural characteristics. The thesis also investigates the variations in the behaviour displayed during the abusive incident by young people who sexually harm. Thirty-three behaviours were coded as present or absent. The pattern of co-occurrence of these behaviours was examined using Smallest Space Analysis (SSA). The results provide empirical support for three distinct behavioural themes, 258 (86%) of the youths could be assigned to one dominant mode of interaction (Victim as Object, Victim as Person or Victim as Vehicle). This thesis examines each of these three themes in detail with respect to particular perpetrator and victim characteristics. This thesis also examined the relationship between the model of perpetrator characteristics and the model of behavioural characteristics. This relationship was analysed using bivariate correlations, thematic correlations and dominant theme analysis. The dominant theme analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between the theme of background an individual presented and the theme of behaviour they displayed. The findings have implications for the ways in which practitioners differentiate between young people who sexually harm. These models allow youths who sexually harm to be classified on the basis of their perpetrator characteristics or on their behavioural characteristics. The model of perpetrator characteristics can be used to tailor treatment and intervention programmes as each of the three themes have unique developmental trajectories and treatment needs. The model of behavioural characteristics can be used to aid in the investigative process and help to identify high-risk situations for a particular individual.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.428244  DOI:
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