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Title: Jet impingement on porous surfaces
Author: Webb, Stephen David
ISNI:       0000 0001 3565 0044
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2006
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A series of experiments are described, documenting the flow resulting from the normal impingement of planar and axisymmetric jets onto a porous surface. Six different porous surfaces with open area ratios of 23, 26, 31, 37, 44 and 54% (β = 0.23, 0.26, 0.31, 0.37, 0.44 and 0.54) were placed in low speed (usually 40m/s exit velocity) air jets sufficiently far from the jet exit for the jet to be self similar. The β=0.31, 0.37, 0.44 and 0.54 surfaces were wove wire mesh. Exit Reynolds number based on jet exit diameter is 3x104 for the axisymmetric case and based on exit width from 0.5x104 to 2.1x104 for the planar case. For β=0.44 and β=0.54 the impingement of the jet for both planar and axisymmetric geometries can be summarised as a widening of the jet as it passes through the mesh, followed by a region of reduced entrainment. For β=0.37 and below, there is evidence of wall jets on the upstream side of the surface. For the β=0.31 mesh and β=0.26 perforated plate, there are marked differences between the axisymmetric and planar cases. For the planar cases the flow is turned downstream of the porous surface away from the centreline such that on the centreline the axial velocity falls to zero, whilst a clear jet remains in the axisymmetric cases. Downstream of the β=0.23 porous surface there is a clear bounded jet in both planar and axisymmetric cases. The presence of a counter-flow at some distance from the centreline, downstream of the surface inhibits entrainment into the downstream jet; its growth rate and velocity decay rate are reduced
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)