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Title: Small and medium enterprizes in the manufacturing sector of Tanzania : the historical policy environment, networks and market development
Author: Mutalemwa, Darlene K.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3437 6661
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2005
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Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are universally recognised as effective instruments for industrialisation and as a contributing factor to economic growth. Yet, despite the adoption of economic and institutional reforms in SubSaharan Africa in the last two decades, the performance of the manufacturing sector in general and SMEs has not been that impressive. The contribution of SMEs in the manufacturing sector has not been significant. Although a considerable amount is known about the poor record of SME progress on the African continent, this knowledge continues to be unsatisfactory in several areas or even defective in others. In fact, a large number of questions remain unanswered, implying that there is no clear identification of the most pertinent explanations to the essence of SME predicaments. This research study tries to articulate this deficiency by prodding into three research issues, namely: the historical policy environment, networks and the development of markets that SMEs have had to cope with and that are influenced by the Tanzanian public sector and business environment. The research study has adopted a mixed method approach by examining the situation of 61 SMEs in the food and woodworking sectors in Tanzanian manufacturing. Survey material, observation and four case studies are presented in the research study. The results confirm that the existing public sector and business environment in Tanzania has largely failed at facilitating SME development. Specifically, the findings highlight constraints faced by SMEs such as, difficulty with finance, a weak and inadequate legal and regulatory framework as well as problems with human resources, inter-firm linkages, export links, technological capabilities, competition and competitiveness. The thesis also offers conclusions regarding the broader significance of the research study given that the importance of the three research issues is underscored by the new policy trend towards private sector development and in view of the repercussions of the globalisation process.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available