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Title: France and South Africa 1945-1985
Author: Stanley, Edmund John Andrew.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3477 4264
Awarding Body: School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2004
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This thesis investigates the economic, military, multilateral, African and direct political relationship between France and South Africa between 1945 and 1985. Subjects discussed include co-operation in the colonial era, the relationsrJp at the Ut~, South Africa's African diplomacy, nuclear, military and conventional exchange, Over time, the relationship became increasingly complex as pressure against official contact increased, leading eventually to France applying a limited sanctions regime against Pretoria in 1985. However, even as measures expressing official French condemnation of apartheid were established, an intimate and sensitive sub-official relationship was maintained. South Africa's attempt to secure itself against international challenges was more sophisticated and successful than sometimes suggested. it also witnesses the connivance of French government, which always considered French exporters above all else, with the creation of a relationship impervious to external pressure. However, that France did not do more to develop its interests in South Africa, and, indeed, was forced to give concessions to the international anti-apartheid movement, establishes its vulnerability to the largely African pressure to change its policy. This refutes the view that France was an unrestrained friend to SouLh Africa. It also challenges the widely held perception of French neo-colonial influence in Africa. Rather than an expression of Paris's autonomy, French policy in South Africa was a pragmatic attempt to manage the competing pressures upon it, either to extend or break relations with South Africa. The way that the French state negotiated these competing dema_nds provides a window on the development of wider French African policy, its goals and the influence of actors, both domestic and intemational, upon its creation. France's African policy emerges as hesitant, inconsistent, and bereft of clear PUlpOSe; characteristics reflected in the parochialism of the majorit"j of the French electorate.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available