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Title: Studies on sulfur-capped osmium and ruthenium clusters with focus on dynamics, chirality and isomerism
Author: Forth, Caroline Suzanne
ISNI:       0000 0001 3476 0997
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2003
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The thesis begins with an introduction to salen complexes describing possible types of co-ordination to the metal ions and ways in which chirality is introduced in these complexes. A review on applications of salen complexes in asymmetric synthesis is then presented which aims to illustrate how careful catalytic system design led to significant discoveries in asymmetric synthesis. Preparation of 2-amino-R-benzaldehydes, unstable intermediates, using multistep organic synthesis is presented and the stability of these compounds generated by three different routes is assessed. Further on, synthesis of ambch ligands, which combine the donor atom environment of porphyrins with ready incorporation of chirality and arene functionalisation familiar to salen ligands, was achieved. It is followed by synthesis and characterisation of their nickel, copper, manganese, cobalt, and vanadium complexes. The structures of these complexes are discussed based on NMR, IR and X-ray crystallography data. The strategies proposed in the literature for preparation of asymmetrical ligands were tested in synthesis of ligands 4.5, 4.7and 4.10. Original strategies were developed in the search for better synthetic procedures to compounds 4.5-4.10. The results demonstrated that the route to asymmetrical ligands is not general and has to take into account the difference in reactivity of the two aldehydes and the nature of the diamine involved in the condensation reaction. Synthesis of nickel salchsal* and ambchsal complexes was achieved under mild conditions in high yields. The influence of changing the co-ordination sphere from N2O2 to N2OO*, N3O and N4 in the ligands and nickel complexes on the structure of these compounds is discussed based on NMR and X-ray crystallography data. The asymmetrical complexes allow a better tuning of the electronic and structural properties than symmetrical ones. The study demonstrates for the first time that the difference between the two aromatic moieties of the asymmetrical complexes can be tuned by appropriate substitution of the aromatic rings.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available