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Title: Race, politics and evangelisation : British Protestant missionaries and African colonial affairs, 1940-63
Author: Stuart, John.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3488 5802
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University of London
Date of Award: 2004
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This dissertation examines the response of British Protestant missionaries to certain political developments from 1940, when the Colonial Development and Welfare Act was passed, to 1963 by which time Britain's African colonies had all but become independent. It focuses in particular on events in and relating to east and central Africa, and examines the effect on missions of their involvement in controversy on the subject of race. The race question mattered to missionaries because it affected their work in Africa. But from the early 1940s onward they became increasingly aware of its ramifications throughout the Empire and the Commonwealth. In Britain missionaries allied with churchmen in attempts to draw public attention to racial injustice in Britain 's African colonies. These efforts constituted part of a wider international ecumenical engagement with race, the aim of which was fellowship between individuals, missions and churches. British missionary attempts (individually and collectively and in Britain as well as Africa) to promote racial tolerance during the period under review were nevertheless, it is argued, often compromised by the ambivalence of the missionary relationship with the imperial and colonial state. Committed to the building up of the indigenous church - and its leadership - many missionaries reacted uneasily nonetheless to the growth of African nationalist movements, which numbered Christians amongst their supporters. Although wary of being identified with the state, they continued during much of this period to regard Empire a the best guarantor of the interests of all races in east and central Africa (and in outh Africa also), an attitude at odds with that of other religious and secular humanitarians in Britain. Only from 1955-56 as their unease grew regarding colonial affairs in Kenya and central Africa, did missionaries gradually and in greater numbers become more reconciled to the possibility of 'end of empire' in these territories.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available