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Title: An evaluation of alternative methodologies for the numerical simulation of solute transport
Author: Grimm, John Peter
ISNI:       0000 0001 3520 9048
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2004
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The aim of this research was to establish whether it was feasible to use CFD software (in this case Fluent) to predict the transport of a solute through a pipe. Two approaches were evaluated~ the species transport model and the discrete phase (particle tracking) model. The species transport model predictions were found to be sensitive to spatial and temporal disretization scheme, and to the time step. However, the options that result in robust predictions for both the mean travel time and dispersion coefficient were identified. The particle tracking model was found to be computationally efficient and consistent predictions were attainable. However, the prediction of mean travel time was inaccurate, and consequently the model was eliminated from further investigation. The second half of the thesis focuses on the validation of the species transport modelling approach, with a suitable laboratory data set being identified. The most appropriate modelling options to use in order to represent the experimental flow conditions were identified through consideration of the system being modelled, a grid refinement study and two parametric studies. With the exception of turbulent viscosity, good correlations between measured and simulated flow fields were observed for all of the turbulence model configurations. The species transport model was utilised to predict solute transport at three flowrates. At each flow rate the measured dispersion was underpredicted. Reanalysis of the laboratory data, and consideration of certain model set-up options (including the turbulent Schmidt number and the upstream boundary conditions) tended to align the simulation results and the experimental data more closely. With further development, the modelling approach developed within this thesis should enable dispersion coefficients to be identified for a wide range of urban drainage structures. Such predictions are required to enhance urban drainage quality models, and, ultimately, to improve sewer management and pollution control.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available