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Title: Methodologies and algorithms for fault locators in modern power systems.
Author: Wang, Chun.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3558 9546
Awarding Body: University of the West of England at Bristol
Current Institution: University of the West of England, Bristol
Date of Award: 2002
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Following world wide deregulation of the electrical power industry, the requirements for high quality and highly reliable power supplies are increasing. Comprehensive and systematic computer based methodologies and algorithms for fault locators in power systems are needed to support reliable, independent and comprehensive fault diagnosis or accurate fault location, fast fault detection and correct fault classification. This thesis describes work to develop novel fault diagnosis techniques and accurate fault location algorithms for fault locators using system-wide information of modern power systems. Fast and efficient modern communication techniques make it possible to apply the novel fault locator system in practice. The fault diagnosis techniques use fault messages obtained from current and voltage sensors installed in radial and meshed networks respectively. A faulty section in the meshed network can be detected by analysing the network's topologic structure and the measurements of the fundamental frequency voltages obtained from voltage sensors; while for the radial network, current sensors are used to trace the path of a fault. The fault diagnosis techniques can work independently from protection devices, and circuit breakers, and can be implemented economically in the low- and medium-voltage power systems, because current and voltage sensors can be made cheaply. In order to achieve very accurate fault location for the EHV transmission systems with long transmission lines and complex network topology, algorithms based on the wavelet transform, travelling wave concept and GPS synchronisation have been developed. When a fault occurs, fault generated transient waves propagate from fault point to line terminals and then to the other nodes in the whole network. Fault transient detectors are installed at nodes in the meshed network, at substations and customer terminals in the radial system to capture the time of fault transient signal arrival. From the time recorded and topologic network structure, very accurate fault location can be achieved. The thesis also describes and compares applications of digital Fourier transform, least squares method and Kalman filters for fast measurements in current and voltage sensors, for fault classification and fault detection, and the wavelet transform used in fault transient detectors. Methodologies and algorithms developed have been validated by ATP/EMTP simulation on different networks, such as, traditional twosource system and IEEE 14-bus system. The maIn advantage of the developed methodologies and algorithms for fault locators in power systems is the use of system-wide fault messages in the electrical networks. The fault locators will efficiently support the operators in the control centres and relevant substations with clear fault information allowing them to take suitable actions for fault emergency and restoration of power supplies. This will be beneficial in reducing the outage time required for inspection, damage repair and restoration of the power supply. Reliability, security and power quality will be improved for the customers.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available