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Title: A cross-cultural investigation into parental physical punishment.
Author: Murphy, Elizabeth.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3433 4357
Awarding Body: Royal Holloway, University of London
Current Institution: Royal Holloway, University of London
Date of Award: 1999
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Five studies were carried out to investigate and compare experience of, use of, and attitudes towards parental physical punishment in the UK and the US (Massachusetts), and to determine what sort of information about physical punishment was most likely to persuade respondents to change their views. The respondents for the first four studies were students, and the respondents in the last study were mothers waiting for medical appointments for their children. The prevalence of childhood experience of parental physical punishment, based on respondents' reports of their experiences as children, was related to country, gender, and parenting characteristics. Attitudes towards physical punishment were related to country, gender, childhood experience, and other personal and social characteristics. Although there was no significant difference in the reported prevalence of experience of childhood physical punishment between the two countries, the UK respondents, both students and mothers, were significantly more likely to approve of physical punishment than the US respondents. The male students were significantly more likely to approve of physical punishment than the female students. Attitudes towards physical punishment were also found to be related to general authoritarianism, religious affiliation and beliefs, and social desirability. Mothers' attitudes towards physical punishment predicted their selfreported use of physical punishment towards their children. Respondents were more easily persuaded to become more in favour of physical punishment than to become less in favour of physical punishment. A preliminary ecological model of attitudes towards and use of physical punishment is presented.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available