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Title: A study of microstructural changes in synthetic fibres resulting from mechanical deformations
Author: Kvaratskheliya, Varvara A.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3603 2053
Awarding Body: De Montfort University
Current Institution: De Montfort University
Date of Award: 2001
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This investigation examines the structure-property relationships of high modulus fibres. Five fibre classes were chosen for examination. These are p-aromatic copolyamide (Armos and SVM) and poly-p-aramids (Terlon and Kevlar) obtained from rigid chain polymers; poly-m-aramids (Phenylon and Nomex) obtained from semi rigid chain polymers, and aliphatic polyamide (Capron and Nylon) and Polyethylene obtained from flexible chain polymers. The thermo-mechanical properties studied include tensile properties, thermal shrinkage, creep-recovery, stress-relaxation and residual deformation over a range of temperatures. Results show that mechanical properties are highly related to chain rigidity, orientation and crystallinity of the fibres. The presence of aromatic rings in polymer chains increase the polymer rigidity. The higher the intermolecular attractive force and chain rigidity, the greater the resistance to heat. Study of the creep-recovery properties of polyamide fibres shows that irrecoverable residual deformation for the rigid chain polymers is accumulated within a very short initial period of time (15 seconds) when the load is applied. However for semi-rigid or flexible chain polymer fibres, the residual deformation is accumulated during the whole creep process. The characteristics of tensile stress-strain properties and the accumulation of residual deformation are found to be temperature dependent, especially in the case of Armos and SVM. The mechanical properties of polyamide fibres are also influenced by moisture which is associated with intermolecular interaction. Supplementary studies using FTIR, SEM and DSC were also undertaken. FTIR was used for preliminary investigation into the intermolecular hydrogen bonding and associated moisture in fibres. The results support the explanation of the thermomechanical properties of polyamide fibres. SEM results show the fibre rupture mechanism related to the fibre structures.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: 620.11223 677 620.197 668.4 ; Materials Biodeterioration Textile fabrics Fibers Plastics Plastics