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Title: Cyanide detoxification by soil microorganisms
Author: Ezzi, Mufaddal I.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3455 8908
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2001
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Cyanides enter the environment through both natural and man-made sources. Natural sources include cyanogenesis by bacteria, fungi and plants. A number of cyanide catabolising microorganisms have also been reported in literature. This is the first reported instance of cyanide catabolism in Trichoderma harzianum. Four strains of T. harzianum, one of T. pseudokoningii were evaluated. An investigation was made into the occurrence and distribution of the cyanide catabolising enzymes. Three enzymes, cyanide hydratase, beta-cyanoalanine synthase and rhodanese, were studied. All the strains showed a high capacity to degrade cyanide via both the cyanide hydratase and rhodanese pathways, beta-cyanoalanine synthase activity, however, was not detected in any of the selected strains. In the studies on the kinetic characterization of the rhodanese enzyme, a broad pH optimum of 8.5 - 10.5 was obtained for all the strains and a broad temperature optimum of 35 - 55 °C was also observed. The KmCN and Vmax values ranged from 7-16 mM and from 0.069 - 0.093 betamoles. Min-1. mg protein-1, respectively, between the selected strains of Trichoderma. Strong evidence of cyanide biodegradation and co-metabolism emerged from studies with flask cultures where glucose was provided as a co-substrate. The rate of degradation of 2000 ppm CIST was enhanced almost three times in the presence of glucose. Plant microcosm studies carried out using pea and wheat seeds too gave further corroboration of the cyanide degrading and plant growth promotion capabilities of Trichoderma. Microcosms set-up with cyanide at 50 or 100 ppm CN, in the presence of Trichoderma, showed germination of both pea and wheat seeds. There was no seed germination in any of the controls in the absence of Trichoderma inoculation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Biodegradation