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Title: The development of British war aims, August 1914 - March 1915
Author: Ekstein-Frankl, Michael G.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3442 3923
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 1969
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The dissertation is divided into six chapters, there is also an introduction, a conclusion, and an appendix which consists of short biographical notes on the personalities mentioned in the narrative. The Introduction outlines the main themes of the study, it includes a discussion of the sources used, and lists acknowledgements. Chapter I examines the character of the decision-making process. III the early part of the First World War, wak aims were decided in very much the same way as had been foreign policy before the war. Authority was concentrated in the hands of a small group of men surrounding the Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey. At the same timof the executive eras able to use the overwhelming popular enthusiasm for the war to assert its independence from external influences. Chapter II concerns Prussian militarism. Grey and his colleagues believed that the military advisers of the German Government had deliberately precipitated the war$ and that they were the iie Cato rulers of Germany. The Foreign Secretary refused to consider making any peace which left the *Prussian military caste" in control of German policy and free to repeat its aggression. Chapter III is about British war aims with regard to Western Europe. Britain went to war to -. tP-ot her strategic interest in the independence of the North-West of Europe and to safeguard the naval position in Home WatersThe peace settlement was to ensure that in yearn to come Western Europe would be free from the danger of further German attack. Germany was to evacuate and compensate Belgium; Alsace-Lorraine was to be restored to France; German naval power was to be greatly weakened. Chapter IT explains British war aims with regard to Lustrie-41ungary. British interests are seen to lie in securing the safety of the i! est of Europe. Policy towards Central and Eastern Europe was entirely pragmatic: the future of the Habsburg Empire vas used as a pawn to secure more immediate interests. Chapter V is centred on the question of Constantinople and the Straits. Britain and Rassia had few common interestsf Grey tried to buy Russian co-operation and minimise Anglo-Ruaaien differences with the offer of territorial expansion at the expense of Turkey. Chapter VI explores British policy tovsxds the German colonies. Britain-neither wanted nor needed territorial aggrandisement, but there were strong arguments - mainly strategic - for retaining German colonies-after the war. Moreover, Frances Japan, New Zealand, Australia and the Union of South Africa laid claims to large parts of Germanyfs overseas Empire. These claims Britain could not refuse. b)here Britain had a reasonably tree band, in German East Africa, policy tended to fluctuate according to the fortunes of war. The main conclusion of this dissertation is that Britain fought for securityt above all to prevent Germany from dominating Western Trope. However, the enormity of British interests the diversity of her friendships* and the dislocating effects of war itself caused her to widen her objectives as the war went on.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available