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Title: Performance of boiling and hot sparged agitated reactors
Author: Ruh, Christian
ISNI:       0000 0001 3539 4829
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 1997
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In this dissertation the power draw, the mass transfer and the liquid mixing behaviour of boiling and hot sparged stirred tank reactors (STRs) were investigated. The power draw characteristics of six different impellers were studied under varying operating conditions and expressed in terms of the relative power draw, RPD. Generally the impellers showed considerably higher power draw in hot gassed than in comparable cold conditions. The main phenomenon in hot systems, the evaporation of liquid into a gas bubble suddenly exposed to it, was investigated experimentally. The growth of nitrogen and air bubbles in hot water was found to be very fast and be completed typically within milliseconds after their exposure to the liquid. This was confirmed by studies applying acoustic bubble sizing techniques which were carried out together with Richard Manasseh from CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia. Experimental studies of the gas-liquid mass transfer in hot sparged STRs were carried out using a tank of 450 mm in diameter agitated by a 180 mm Rushton turbine. Experiments involving the temperature kinetics in an air-water system and absorption and desorption of ammonia were used to determine gas and also some liquid side mass transfer coefficients. The gas side coefficients kga were found to be typically in the order of 0.01 s-1. An enhancement of the liquid side mass transfer was also observed. Both Fick and Stefan-Maxwell models were employed to express gas side mass transfer coefficients. The models predict there will be a decrease of the coefficients at high concentrations. In the hot sparged tank the temperature is essentially uniform throughout the STR. Liquid mixing times have been measured for various boil-off and sparging rates. No significant deviations from the single phase or the cold gassed mixing times in this equipment were recorded.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Flow fields; Cavitation; Mass transfer