Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: The hospitals of London : administration, refoundation, and benefaction, c.1500-1572
Author: Daly, Christopher Thomas
ISNI:       0000 0001 3402 7920
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1993
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
This thesis studies the organisation and government of the hospitals of London in the first three quarters of the sixteenth century. Particular emphasis is laid on the changes in the network of church-affiliated hospitals during the period of the Dissolu- tion of the Monasteries, and the subsequent reorganisation of several of these institu- tions in the reign of Edward VI. Mainly through the use of the contemporary records of the hospitals and the City, the different but complementary functions of St. Bartholomew's, St. Thomas's, and Christ's Hospitals are analysed over the span of the first twenty-five years after their reorganisation. The implementation of the Elizabethan Poor Laws in 1572 is adopted as the terminus point for this study. In 1547, the Crown ceded to the City control over St. Bartholomew's Hospital and Bethlem Hospital. In 1552, the City also successfully negotiated with the royal government for possession of St. Thomas's Hospital, Christ's Hospital, and Bridewell. All of these institutions were administered by the City, and each had distinctive tasks, which included the general tending of the sick (St. Bartholomew's and St. Thomas's), treatment of the mentally disturbed (Bethlem), the care and education of the children of the poor of London (Christ's), and the incarceration and rehabilitation of the idle poor (Bridewell). St. Bartholomew's, St. Thomas's, and Christ's are studied in depth. This thesis attempts to demonstrate the way in which these hospitals fit into the larger efforts of the government of the City to combat poverty, stem the flow of the poor into London, provide wide access to institutional care, and reduce the risks of crime, social friction, and the spread of communicable diseases. The problems of funding these institutions were severe and persistent for much of the sixteenth century; demand for a place within one of the hospitals frequently exceeded capacity. However, the promises the hospitals of London made of helping the poor in ways both pragmatic and com- passionate ensured that they remained institutions of intense interest and growing civic pride to all ranks of residents within the metropolis.
Supervisor: Heal, Felicity Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Hospitals--England--London--History--16th century