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Title: Surfactants and enhanced oil recovery
Author: Pilc, J.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3490 5148
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 1988
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A large number of commercial and some novel Brunel synthesised surfactants have been studied with a view to their potential usefulness for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) application. Ethoxylated phenols and their sulphonated derivatives were given especially high priority. The surfactants were well-characterised in order to understand their EOR potential. High pressure liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, Raman spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry and other quantitative techniques were used. Aspects of their behaviour (as single components and as blends with co-surfactants and co-solvents) which have been considered in terms of: (i) phase behaviour with brine and hydrocarbons (ii) adsorption onto various oxide surfaces (iii) interfacial properties such as surface tension, wetting, contact angles and viscosity (iv) stability Three different blends using sulphonated surfactants which: (i) produce a microeinulsion which is stable to high salinity brines over a large temperature range (ii) exhibit low adsorption onto reservoir rock (iii) interfacial tension as low as 10-2mNm-1 have been subsequently optimised. Core flooding tests carried out under reservoir conditions produced an additional 20% of the original-oil-in-place.
Supervisor: Sermon, P. Sponsor: Mobil North Sea Ltd
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Brunel synthesised surfactants ; Ethoxylated phenols ; Sulphonated surfactants ; Microemulsion