Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Slam simulations : an application of computational fluid dynamics
Author: Gallagher, Paul
ISNI:       0000 0001 3487 0651
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1985
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
The ability of ships and other marine vehicles to maintain forward speed in heavy weather is often limited by the phenomenon of slamming. The hydrodynamics of this impact problem are poorly understood in a quantative sense, though previous research has identified various physical mechanisms important to ship slamming. This thesis describes the development of a number of numerical tools designed to study the non-linear free surface flow problems caused by slamming. The research focused on two major areas of study. Firstly, a generalised simulation method for the solution of the mass and momentum conservation equations over a fluid domain bounded by a free surface and containing dynamic boundaries was developed. This technique was used to study the hydrodynamic impact of an arbitrary shaped body. A finite difference time marching solution to the continuity coupled Navier Stokes equations was employed as the basis of the simulation technique. A novel application of the well known source distribution method was used to model moving solid boundaries of arbitrary shape within the confines of the regular finite difference mesh. This particular aspect of the research allowed a marriage of traditional hydrodynamic theory and the more recent developments in computational fluid dynamics. The second area of study examined the behaviour of the compressible air layer formed between the free surface and an approaching bluff body. Again, the techniques of computational fluid dynamics were employed to solve the equations of mass and momentum conservation in the air layer and the associated free surface motions caused by the build up of pressure beneath the falling body. The thesis presents a number of computational examples in order to illustrate the development and final levels of accuracy achieved by the two classes of numerical algorithm mentioned above. Simulations of steady viscous free surface flow, wavemaker modelling, vehicle motions and added mass computations are employed to test the numerical algorithms. Results from hydrodynamic impact simulations are presented and compared with existing numerical and experimental data, for a range of hull shapes. The effects of air entrapment on impact geometry is discussed via a comparison of results obtained by the present method and data from both computations and experiment reported in the open literature. Conclusions concerning the quantitative importance of the various physical parameters involved in slamming on the ship scale are presented at the end of the thesis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Ship slamming stresses