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Title: The strength of hybrid composites
Author: Pitkethly, M. J.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3492 0604
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 1987
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The strength of carbon fibres in unidirectional hybrid composites of glass and carbon fibres have been investigated. It has been shown that the strength distributions of bundles of carbon fibres impregnated with resin, both unsupported and in a hybrid, may be described by the Weibull model confirming earlier reports. The primary objective of this work has been to investigate the strength and the state of dispersion of the carbon component. Hybrid composites consisting of accurately aligned arrays of bundles in two and three dimensions have been fabricated and tested. It has been shown that the strength decreases when the bundle spacing is less than a critical distance but at very low spacings the strength begins to increase again. This observation is explained with reference to the fracture behaviour and the implications for practical composites are discussed. The hybrid composites exhibit a greater strength over impregnated bundles. An hypothesis is proposed to explain this phenomena which combines thermal effects with the constraining influence of the glass and the differences in the severity of flaws in hybrid bundles. The last two arguments result in a larger critical group of failed fibres being required in the hybrid before catastrophic failure occurs. The type of hybrid specimen tested in this work enables the fracture process in the composite to be followed closely. The investigation has in principle supported the model for composite strength proposed by Batdorf, the "critical i-plet" model. However, experimental evidence indicated that a slightly different fracture process to that proposed by Batdorf was operating. The significance of this fracture process with respect to the strength and the size effect in composites is discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Carbon fibre composites