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Title: The political ideas of Lorenz Stein and their influence on Rudolf Gneist and Gustav Schmoller
Author: Pope, Giles Alvan
ISNI:       0000 0001 3494 8666
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1985
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The thesis traces the development of the social and political ideas of Lorenz Stein (1815-1890), a north German social and political scientist. In the early 1840's in Paris, under the influence of the Young Hegelians and Saint-Simon, he decided to attempt to develop a 'science of society'. During the revolution of 1848-49, Stein worked out a political theory, his theory of state and society, which tried to show how the monarchical state could be defended against social revolution. After the revolution, Rudolf Gneist (1816-1895), a Prussian liberal politician and constitutional theorist, applied Stein's theory to the study of English constitutional history. In doing so, Gneist produced a theory of local government, which he called 'Self government', which was supposed to answer the question, left unanswered by Stein, of how the antagonism between state and society was to be overcome. Gneist postulated 'Self-government' as an intermediate structure, in which the state fused with the strongest social class. 'Self-government' consisted of 'Verwaltung', an organic combination of powers, which was best carried out by honorary,unpaid office holding. Gneist's model was the English gentleman-magistrate of the eighteenth century. The thesis also treats the relation of the young economist and historian Gustav Schmoller (1838-1917) to Stein. Schmoller developed Stein's ideas on state,economy and society, but from a historical point of view. Like Stein in his later years, Schmoller concentrated on 'Verwaltung'. Stein's theory of 'Verwaltung' was legalistic and philosophical, whereas Schmoller's was more sociological. Stein, Gneist and Schmoller represent a current in German political thought which was authoritarian, yet socially liberal. They tried to render popular participation in government superfluous by developing the scientific foundations of a technically perfect, autonomous 'administrative' apparatus.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Political science--Germany--History ; Gneist, Rudolph, 1816-1895 ; Schmoller, Gustav von, 1838-1917 ; Stein, Lorenz von, 1815-1890--Influence