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Title: A comparative history of the development of the leading stationary steam engine manufacturers of Lancashire, c. 1800-1939
Author: Collier, D. A.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3560 4339
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 1985
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A great deal of research has been undertaken into the development of steam power during the heroic age of Britain's Industrial Revolution, but relatively little has been carried out on the post 1850 period. This particluar work sets out to help redress this imbalance by examining some of the leading engine builders in Britain during c. 1800-1939, with particular emphasis on post 1850. The Lancashire engine-makers came to dominate Britain's stationary steam engine industry by the second half of the nineteenth century, if not before, and during 1870-1914 they supplied over a quarter of the actual increase in U.K. steam power as well as a considerable number of engines for export. The vast majority of textile mills built after 1850 in Russia, India, Japan and China were powered by Lancashire-built engines, while many found their way into other countries. Large numbers of engines were supplied by the Lancashire firms to the gold and coal mines of South Africa in the late nineteenth century, as well as engines for iron and steel works elsewhere. However, despite this pre-dominace during the second half of the nineteenth century, the Lancashire engine-makers were being overtaken by firms in Europe and America by the end of the century. Some firms such as Hick, Hargreaves & Co. and John Musgrave & Sons, both of Bolton, were technically quite progressive, adopting new inventions, such as the Corliss and uniflow designs of engine. Nevertheless, many of the Lancashire engine-makers were slow to adopt new ideas. By the First World War the industry was starting to decline, and this process accelerated rapidly during the 1920's with the advent of new forms of power and the impact of economic depression. The failure of many Lancashire engine-makers to diversify and a reluctance to amalgamate led to many firms closing down, in the 1920's and 1930's, while others ceased to manufacture steam engines after the mid 1930's. The firms examined in the study are the leading firms in Lancashire after 1850, mostly in Manchester and surrounding districts, based on survivng records. Firms on the Lancashire/Cheshire border within the Manchester area have been treated as being in Lancashire, namely at Hyde and Dukinfield.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Economics & economic theory